memorizing new words when learning a foreign language determines your level of mastery of the language of communication category.For those who have just started to gain vocabulary, this work seems to be back-breaking labor, time-consuming and have low efficiency.Why is learning new words so hard?

Why is difficult to learn new words?

Before determining the causes of the difficulties encountered, let's think, what is the English word meaning those for whom it is not native?In the first place - is accurate information requires an accurate memory.If you use the word with an approximate value, it is likely that you will be misunderstood companion.Accurate information, whether it be a word or a formula that is extremely difficult to remember.After a long cramming in memory postponed only 20% of the information that is negligible compared with the time and energy expended.

difficulties in memorizing words arise because of their wrong organization.Pick up any dictionary as it organized the word?In alphabeti
cal order, the system is useful to search for words, but not their memory.If you want to remember a word you like the librarian, who is looking for a book, but does not remember on which shelf it is worth.As a result of the search you will be in vain to search through the entire "cabinet".How quickly find necessary?Place a "book" on the shelf and thematic problem will be solved with the search.

The sequential memorization of words that begin with the same letter, they are gradually replacing each other, and your vocabulary is not extended, but only replaced by new words.Words alone are not stored on the context.This rule is especially well seen on the example of a multi-valued English vocabulary.

Forget about the English language, if you learn the words by this method

As you memorize words?The word consists of spelling, pronunciation and translation.For a simple example, take the word of garlic:
  • garlic - writing;
  • [ɡɑːlɪk] - pronunciation (transcription);
  • garlic - translation.

In most cases, this is how a new lexical unit is recorded in the dictionary and studied.First, we remember how to spell the word, then repeat several times and memorize.The result is a recognition of words written or spoken language.We are easily able to read, translate the text with him and learn in an alien speech, but we can not say it.This happens because we are not in a position of the entire array of words learned quickly recall the translation required.

Change the sequence of translation - pronunciation - spelling. Only with this approach have to rely on the high quality of memorization.

Learning to memorize English words

Learn to memorize English words Learning to memorize English words

easily and quickly the situation can change only if eliminate the above error.Let's get started.
  • selected group the array of words on topics or situations of use.
  • Place the words so that they are surrounded by a lexical units, beginning with a different letter.
  • find study the words in context.In this case it will be only one sentence.

give an example of the correct operation of the short beard - beard.
So, imagine a beard.No, no, you do not laugh, and just imagine the beard, the longer the better.To pick up the pronunciation of the word consonant of the native language.The maximum similarity in the first sound you can get with the word "cans."Now let's connect the two words in one way - so he an old man with a white beard sitting on a bench near the house, and in his hand ... exactly right - a can.

At first, this technology is constantly ask yourself, "What is a word related to?", "What does it remind me of?", "What is it like the word?".The next step - "photograph" of the word.Write it on a card of any size, lay on the table and is surrounded by a yellow rectangle.Give yourself a clear signal to memorize and repeat the word at least 3-4 times.

for storing graphic image in the draft list the word is important in recording will not pry.The procedure must be repeated several times.Be sure to conduct a test of memorizing graphic image for this record a word backwards - beard - draeb.If this problem is not caused you problems, you can congratulate yourself on vocabulary one beard.

And a few more examples of how to quickly memorize words

So easy, but indicative uses of sound analogy.

  • word check (check) sounds like a Russian "check", so you can safely integrate it into the situation, "I always check the check.I check it ».

  • well familiar even from school garden (the garden).And who can be driven in the garden?That's right, various reptiles.We remember «In this garden ...»

  • Guilty (guilty) has a resemblance to the guillotine - which was sent to all those who recognize the guilty.

  • Scissors - scissors ['sɪzəz].Word complex analogical to memorize, but rather to listen to what sound they make when "empty course," and you're bound to hear "PPE, PPE."

  • If you build a direct analogy fails, replace the letters in the word.For example, in the dig (dig) replace i on about, get the word dog.Now safely imagine how the dog (dog) dig, dig (dig) pit.

to whatever you put to his head, left there a long time, be sure to repeat memorized words.The first repetition of the need to carry out 10 minutes later, the second - the next day, the third - after a week, the fourth - in two weeks.

Memorization in the context of

Another technique is based on the memorization of words in context.The advantage of this approach is that you not only learn the words taken separately, but the entire structure as a whole, allowing it to play instantly in the event of speech situation.«I like bread with butter very much» of the phrase you can easily remember the words of butter and bread (butter and bread).How to memorize a phrase?For the first time, say it clearly separating the words, the second time - do it as quickly as possible, and the third - whisper.In addition, you can memorize phrases, singing them, connecting with the motif of your favorite songs.

Context method has another important advantage - it removes language barriers.It is often possible to meet people who have a huge vocabulary, but are not able to speak a foreign language.Using this method, you do not replenish their ranks.

Effective methods of memorizing new words from Olga Tsygankova:

Author: Ekaterina Nemykina for