In 1807, English chemist Davy identified the new substance, which he called "potassy."This name is still commonly used in the Spanish, French, English, Polish and Portuguese.And in 1809 it was offered to name "potassium".By the way, translated from the Arabic."Al-potassium" means "plant ash."

potassium salts are used in medicine as a laxative and diuretics - nitrogen and sodium, wine-potassium salt.Widespread iodide, manganese-sour potassium bromide, aspartate, orotate.

Action potassium in the human body



Together with sodium and chlorine, he is involved in the water-salt metabolism, helps to maintain the balance of tissue and extracellular fluids.This trace mineral has significant alkalizing effect in acid-base balance, along with magnesium, calcium and sodium.

If the body is experiencing its deficit, the glucose starts less actively converted into energy.As a result, the muscles are deprived of the source of energy itself and less reduced, which may even lead to partial or complete paralysis.

Without potassium would be impossible regulation of blood pressure and heart rate, muscle contraction, the passage of the pulse through the nervous system.He brings fluid from the body, prevents the occurrence of some forms of depression, stroke, helps get rid of toxins, improves the supply of oxygen to the brain cells - as a result there are physical strength, stamina and mental clarity.

It belongs to protivoskleroticheskim means, that is does not give the sodium salts accumulate in the cells and blood vessels.Reduces the chance of developing chronic fatigue syndrome, prevents fatigue.For supporters of low-calorie diets (eg orange diet), lovers of intense exercise and seniors support an optimal level of potassium should be in first place.

interaction



  1. absorption of potassium prevents excessive use of laxatives, cortisone drugs, sugar, colchicine, drinking coffee.

  2. increases the absorption of neomycin and vitamin B6.

  3. Return with urine when taking diuretics and phenolphthalein.

  4. from the tissue being squeezed thallium, rubidium, sodium, cesium.

Which foods contain potassium



Which foods contain potassium

The largest number contain dried fruit, potatoes, sprouted grains, pomelo (learn about the useful properties and caloric pomelo), bananas, watermelons, melons, oranges, avocados, carrots,legumes, nuts, spinach, beets, all kinds of cabbage, bread, grapes, sunflower seeds, mint leaves.Quite a lot - in dairy products and fish.

To save in foodstuffs maximum amount of useful trace elements necessary to prepare them for a couple or a cook in a minimum amount of water.

daily dose Kalium:


  • for adults - 2.5 g;
  • For children - 16-30 g (calculation per 1 kg of body weight);
  • for pregnant women - 3.5 g;
  • For sportsmen - 5 of

deficit



Why is there a lack of potassium?
  • enough enters the body
  • violated its exchange
  • there is excessive excretion from the body under the influence of laxatives, hormonal and diuretics
  • renal failure, bowel, skin, lung
  • stress, depression
  • excessrubidium, sodium, cesium, thallium
  • alkalization and magnesium deficiency

Deficiency symptoms:
  • mental exhaustion, fatigue, stress
  • decreased immunity
  • violations in the myocardium
  • rapid breathing
  • changesblood pressure
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • gastritis, peptic ulcer
  • poor healing of injuries and wounds
  • inflammatory diseases of the cervix, miscarriage

Overdose



most often occurs when poisoning potassium compound.In places of accumulation "attracts" water, so dehydration occurs tissues.Maybe even an inflammation of the renal tubules and necrosis.

reasons:
  • excessive receiving potassium-containing drugs, long potato diet
  • use of "bitter" mineral water
  • insulin deficiency
  • frequent pyelonephritis, renal failure
  • hormonal changes

Symptoms:
  • irritability, tearfulness, irritability
  • sweating
  • constant thirst
  • muscle weakness
  • cardiac arrhythmia
  • alternating diarrhea and constipation
  • intestinal colic
  • frequent urination
  • paralysis of skeletalmuscle
Author: Marianna for TutKnow.ru | Photo Collage TutKnow.ru