phrasal verb: definition

phrasal verb is called the combination formed by the verb, preposition, an adverb or preposition + adverb.It is a single semantic unit, which acts as one member of the sentence.In most cases the value of such a verb has significant differences from the translation of a single verb base.

study of this topic is very important because it is widely used in the spoken and written language, as well as part of the job of international tests.

phrasal verb English: classification

whole group of verbs in the English language is divided into transitive and intransitive:

  • Transitive phrasal verbs (transitive) created using a direct object: She looked for a book on genetics("She looked at the book in genetics') and John decided to put off his plans (« John decided to postpone their plans ").

  • Intransitive phrasal verbs (intransitive) not require direct additions and used only in the active voice: I walked in the park for half an
    hour («I was walking in the park for half an hour").

addition to the above classification this category grammatical forms two groups: shared and non-shared.

  • Inseparable phrasal verbs (non-shared) include a range of transitive verbs and intransitive all.Clear and simple example of such a structure is the structure of the proposal run into: His car ran into the tree - «His car collided with a tree."The two parts of one design should certainly be close and may not be shared by other members of the supply.

  • Separable phrasal verbs (shared) - structures in which addition can be placed after the verb or between its parts.Two proposals You should turn off the music and You should turn the music off are identical in meaning and translated - "You should turn off the music."

English phrasal verbs

Note! padding expressed pronoun requires the mandatory separation of the phrasal verb: Mary took off her jacket («Mary took off her jacket").Mary took it off («Mary took it off").

Difficulties in learning English grammar in this section are primarily in the impossibility of self-classification.The only true vector in the study of the English language is regular practice.

Phrasal verbs - to teach or not to teach

Modern English has over 5000 phrasal verbs in active use by the English-speaking citizens is only a few hundred.The list of most frequently used will be your reliable assistant.

English phrasal verbs

strategy study phrasal verbs in English

effective study of the topic is largely dependent on your awareness, simple memorization fails.Every day, your stock must be replenished 7-15 verbs.

If you set a goal - to learn the words of the English language in one go, it will not be possible.A few days later half of the information will leave your head light.
  • Related article: how to quickly memorize words.

systematize verbs to study possible of the main verb, for example, take and give.

English phrasal verbs

English phrasal verbs

Or divide verbs depending on add-ons:

English phrasal verbs

English phrasal verbs

can also learn phrasal verbs, dividing them by themes and situations:

English phrasal verbs

Booksphrasal verbs - your reliable assistant

English phrasal verbs

Subject phrasal verbs are well disclosed in the textbooks of English and American publishers.

  1. Really learn 100 phrasal verbs , released OxfordUniversityPress - with this book is to make the first steps in the study of phrasal verbs.Slowly, but with confidence in the result, you will explore the theme, starting with the most common verbs.Each grammatical structure devoted to one page of the textbook.

    fascination textbook is that it offers to check your intuition, guessing the meaning of the verb.In the following stages takes place explanation and practical skills use.The main advice that allowed the authors of the course "Learn the verbs randomly."

  2. true fount of phrasal verbs dictionary is Longman Phrasal Verbs Dictionary , containing almost 5000 grammatical verbal constructions.The advantage of this benefit lies in the huge variety of tables to classify and organize information.

  3. English Phrasal Verbs in Use designed for advanced students.A small tutorial fit a 70 and the mini-dictionary of verbs at the end.

  4. Phrasal Verbs Plus (Macmillan) - latest edition, which takes into account the dynamics of language and offers to get acquainted with new phrasal verbs.Given that 80% of the people are visuals, the authors have equipped each rule illustrative examples, pictures and comics.

Video about the phrasal verbs:

list of the most popular phrasal verbs in the English language:

1 pick up take (ina very broad sense: the object, person, sound, smell, trace, etc.)
2 go on 1) keep (those) !;2) to continue (to be);3) place
3 get out leave, leave;leave;remove, pull
4 go back back
5 come on !, let go !;Stop !, cast !;pass, come
6 come back back
7 sit down sit down, sit down, take the place of
8 come out go;appear, emerge;obtained
9 come in go;come, come
10 look for look, to look, to look
11 get up rise, rise;wake
12 come up appear to arise;rise, approaching
13 look down look, look down
14 go out go
15 take off 1) shoot(with itself);2) to leave, to leave
16 come from come from, from, take
17 find out find out find out find find
18 pull out pull, remove;move off, traveling
19 look back look, turn around
20 get back back (smiling)
21 go down downgo, go down
22 come down go down, go down;to fall;
23 turn back turn back again;turn back, to retreat
24 stand up up, erectile
25 take out remove, pull
26 wake up wake;rouse smb.
27 hold up raise
28 turn around turn around
29 walk away go
30 be back return back
31 turn away turn away
32 go up rise
33 get off go, leave;carry off, remove;go!
34 hold on keep (those) Camping !;wait (those);hold, seize
35 look out 1) peek;2) Be careful
36 put on wear, dress;include powering
37 shut up silence, shut
38 set up organize, organize, create
39 go over come, come;repeat recheck
40 sit up get up, sit down in a lying position
41 get away escape, escape;go
42 walk over approach, approach
43 come over come, come, to call
44 go away leaveleave
45 go off leave, leave;run away, fly away
46 go in go
47 turn off 1) off;2) minimize, rotate
48 run out 1) run out;2) ending, depleted
49 hold out stretching, pulling
50 walk out go
51 turn on include
52 give up to surrender, to give up;leave throw;give
53 make up 1) components;2) writing;3) offset
54 figure out figure, to find out, to understand, to understand
55 let out release, release
56 look over 1) watch;2) view;inspect
57 cut off cut, cut;interrupt
58 hang up hang, hang up;hanging;hang smth.
59 get in enter, get in, get into, get into
60 pull up drive up, stop
61 check out check to find out;discharged from
62 turn out be received, "exit"
63 go through go through, through;repeat;scrutinize
64 walk back back, go back / back
65 put down put lower
66 make out 1) to understand, to distinguish;2) to prepare;3) manage
67 work out 1) to understand, to understand;2) plan;3) Get
68 turn into convert (to be) in the smb.or what-l.
69 show up appear to come
70 pull off shoot, pulling off;manage, perform;move out
71 get on sit on (in);to start;continue
72 hang on keep (those) Camping !;wait (those) !;clinging, grasping
73 catch up catch up, overtake, catch
74 get down lower (smiling)
75 walk in go
76 pull away move off touches;shrink, move away
77 take over grab, seize, take control
78 back away retreat, backing away
79 move on go further;continue to move
80 move in enter / settle;go
81 run away run away, run away
82 calm down soothe (smiling)
83 end up finish, finish, fall, be
84 be up 1) to wake up;2) to be awake;3) rising
85 grow up grow up, become adults
86 sit back lean back / back in the seat
87 take away clean, take away;select, take
88 walk up approach, approach
89 keep up 1) to keep up;2) continue;3) Support
90 point out point;underline;notice
91 put up 1) lift;2) to build up;3) finance
92 turn over 1) turn (to be);2) pass
93 lie down lie down, lie down
94 break into 1) break;2) will illuminate;to burst;throw
95 fall down fall, fall, crash
96 put out 1) pulling;2) puts;3) simmer
97 take up 1) to hold (place);2) do smth .;3) pick
98 turn up appear
99 be out 1) absent, not being at home, the site of
100 clean up clean (be), clean (to be), tidy
101 break down completely upset;break (smiling)
102 walk off go
103 run off run away, run away, run
104 come along gotogether, to accompany;to come, appear
105 be up to collected, mean that do;depend on
106 stick out 1) stick out, stick out;2) pulling, stretching
107 spread out stretch (be), to deploy (to be), expanding (to be)
108 take back 1) to give back /ago;2) to take back / back
109 be off 1) to leave, to leave;2) to be free, not working
110 keep on continue
111 line up build (to be), to stand in a line, row, all
112 be over end, completed
113 set off 1) sent (in a way);
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