[Image] The child when he is born, the bones of the skull are very plastic, they are held by connective tissue, and between them are so-called fontanelles.It helps crumbs born without birth defects because movable bones of the skull allow the head to move easily tribal ways.With further development of the fontanelle in infants is an important indicator of development.

newborn there are several fontanelles.One is on the parietal region, it is quite large, and the shape of a diamond, it is, at this point, in the future, connect the frontal and parietal bones of the skull.Another small, almost imperceptible triangular fontanel is located on the back of the head, at the junction of the parietal and occipital bones.

There are also lateral and temporal fontanelles, but because they are small and tightened, virtually, in the first days of life, they are no one pays attention.

fontanelles are very important in postnatal development.The fact is that in the first months of baby's life the brain is significantly increa

sed in size and, thanks to the plasticity of the skull, he did not interfere with the right to develop.

Do not be afraid to touch fontanelle, they are closed tight skin, and they are very difficult to damage.Small occipital bone joint closes, usually within the first two to three months of life.But the closure of the frontal and occipital bones occurs much later, in about a year.

important indicator is the size of a baby's fontanelle, it should be about three centimeters.When it is increased, it may indicate any violations in the development of the baby.

A very important point is the timely tightening of large fontanelle.Of course, this process occurs in all different ways, but the rate tightening fontanelle in babies is between 12 to 18 months.The duration depends on many factors.

For example, if the expectant mother preferred vitaminized food, the child may be small fontanelles, which quickly closed.It's not good for the development of the brain and can cause disorders associated with increased intracranial pressure.

On the other hand, if a baby's fontanelle closes late, it may indicate a lack of calcium in the body of the child or, even, the development of rickets.

Sometimes fontanelle, as it were, falls inside the skull, it may indicate that the child was born post-term, and eventually the head will find its shape.A more dangerous if this factor is evident in older age, which indicates dehydration or malnutrition.

When a baby cries, the fontanelle may swell slightly, and that's fine.But if this is the place begins to pulsate, immediately show the baby's pediatrician, since this external symptom may indicate a high intracranial pressure.

But if you regularly visit the pediatrician, the deviation will be seen in time and corrected all violations.And very often it is sufficient to adjust the diet and strictly follow its balance.

Fontanelle in infants - Questions and answers

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