Diet for Diabetics deficiency of the hormone produced by the pancreas (insulin) in the body or low activity - a common disease of the endocrine system - diabetes.In this disease blood glucose increases (hyperglycemia), which causes a metabolic disorder, in which gradually affects almost all functional systems of the human body.

main objective of therapeutic interventions in diabetes is to normalize metabolic processes in the body, reducing blood sugar levels.

major role in the treatment of this serious disease is played not only medication, but diet for diabetics.This does not mean that we should stop eating delicious food, or completely abandon the meal.Diet matched properly to stop the deterioration of the first type of diabetes, and will improve the health of the second of its type.

primary objective of a diet for diabetics - control of carbohydrate metabolism and prevent sudden arrival of a large amount of glucose in the blood.

principles of nutrition in diabetes

Any diet should be composed of physiologically co
rrectly, and for that you need to consult with a specialist.

special system of power - a special diet for diabetics number 9, meets the basic requirements for the treatment of this disease:

  • rejection of foods that have a high glycemic index and provoking a sharp release of sugar into the blood;

  • use candy containing sugar substitutes - saccharin, sorbitol, aspartame, xylitol, sucralose;

  • split meals (up to 6 times a day, small portions equal to the number of calories and carbohydrates);

  • adherence to a low-calorie diet (lots) with a balanced amount of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

list of allowed foods and dishes

The diet can be used:

  • "diabetic", bran, wheat, rye bread (200-350 gr. Per day);

  • soups vegetable broth or low-fat varieties of meat and fish (2 times per week);

  • lean meat (veal, beef, rabbit, turkey), stewed, boiled or steamed;

  • lean fish varieties - saffron cod, perch and pike, carp, cod (baked, boiled) and canned fish in its own juice and tomato sauce;

  • buckwheat, oats, barley, wheat cereals, lentils, beans;

  • boiled eggs or in an omelette (the day of no more than 2 pieces);

  • in the liver, raw or cooked cabbage (cauliflower, cabbage), green leafy and cucumbers, potatoes, radishes, zucchini, pumpkin, carrots and beets;

  • yogurt or yogurt (no more than two glasses a day), cheese and cottage cheese (low-fat) milk only with the permission of a doctor;

  • vegetable oil and butter (no more than 40 g. Per day);

  • tomato juice, tea with milk, juice from berries (broth hips) and fruit (along with the soup consumed amount of fluid a day - 5 glasses, no more);

  • baking and brewer's yeast;

  • sour-sweet and sour grades of berries and fruits (lemons, Antonov apples, oranges, grapefruit, cranberry, red currant), raw 200 g per day.and a compote supplemented with sorbitol or xylitol.

list of banned products

Exclude from the diet:

  • confectionery, chocolate, candy, jam, ice cream, pastry, honey;

  • fat and smoked meat (lamb, pork, goose, duck), sausages;

  • salty and oily fish, eggs, canned in oil;

  • milk soups with noodles, rice, semolina;

  • fat sour cream, yogurt, sweet cheese;

  • marinated and pickled vegetables;

  • alcoholic beverages;

  • mustard and pepper;

  • bananas, figs, grapes, dates, raisins.

diet for diabetics - Questions and answers

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