Custard Apple or "sugar apple" (lat. Annona squamosa) - a deciduous fruit tree annonaceae family (Annonaceae).Thai name - Noi Na (noinah).In India it is called sharifa, China - fan-li-chi, ati - in Brazil.In Russia, the fruit is known as the "Annona scaly" (from Lat. Species name), or custard apple.

exact origin of this plant is unknown.Presumably, like many annonaceae, noina born in South America.Today, sugar apple is widely cultivated in South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, in Thailand.In India, sugar apple brought the Portuguese in the late 16th century.At this time, it is already cultivated in Indonesia and is widely distributed in southern China, Polynesia, Australia, sub-Saharan Africa, the lowlands of Palestine, in Egypt and in the Hawaiian Islands.In addition, the fruit is one of the most popular fruit in Brazil.This fruit there are in high demand and found in any bazaar or market.

Annonas scaly Description: tree and the fruit



Description Annonas scaly - wood and fruits Description Annonas scaly - wood and fruits

tree reaches a height of 3 to 6 m, with an open crown and zigzag branches.Its dull green leaves are on short petioles pubescent.Double-row, oblong and approximately 5-15 cm in length.Small (2-4 cm), fragrant flowers are arranged along the branches singly or in groups of several.Outside of them, but inside - a dark red or purple spots at the base.They consist of three external yellow-green petals and three tiny inner pale yellow.Never, even in the period of pollination, do not open fully.

Sugar apple large (300-350 grams) may be circular, oblong or conical shape.The length is up to 10 cm. The rind is uneven: consists of convex segments, and can be painted in a pale-green, blue-green or gray-green color.Inside the hidden fiber-cream juicy pulp milky color, which has a delicious flavor and aroma.Each segment contains one elongated seed.Season collection noina falls between June and September.Ripe fruits are very soft, with a thin skin, easily damaged.Overripe apples sugar disclosed, exposing seeds.

How and what to eat in the sugar apple



How and what to eat in the sugar apple How and what to eat in the sugar apple

The pulp of ripe fruit is edible Noi Na.The consistency is very similar to applesauce.The skin, like bones in food are not used.Open ripe Thai fruit is easy: simply breaking open or half open skin flakes.Some eat Noin spoon - in this case, better to cut the fruit in half with a knife.

In Malaysia, sugar apples used in cooking in the manufacture of various desserts and soft drinks.(For example, a delicious cocktail is obtained by mixing the pulp with Annonas scaly ice milk).The fruit of love for the extraordinary rich taste.Ripe fruit is very sweet and a bit like a cream cake.The only thing that did not really like the fruit - there are so many seeds, from 20 to 40 pieces.Its like persimmons do not sing (by the way, read about the properties of persimmon).In Thailand Noin costs about 50 Baht per kg.

composition



Vitamins:
  • Niacin - 0,65-0,93 mg
  • Thiamine - 0,10-0,13 mg
  • Riboflavin - 0,11-0,17 mg
  • Ascorbic Acid - 35 - 43 mg

number of vitamins, which is rich in exotic fruit, are beneficial to the cardiovascular system and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.And the use of vitamins Group "B" promotes the renewal and growth of tissues, increases muscle endurance and participates in the formation of collagen.

Just enter in the Noin essential for the human body amino acids :
  • Lysine - 54-69 mg
  • Tryptophan - 7-10 mg
  • Methionine - 6-8 mg

Theyinvolved in the construction of critical proteins and are the means of prevention of many viral infections.
fruit rich in phosphorus - 23,5-55,2 mg.In large quantities, the calcium is present - 19,5-44 mg.Iron content (0,28-1,34 mg), and others. Minerals is low.

Calorie sugar apple (Noi Na) 100g pulp is 104 calories, you can call it one of the most high-calorie vegetables.Also on this mass contained in it:
  • carbohydrates - 19-25 g
  • Proteins - 1.5 -2.5 g
  • Fat - 0.4 g
  • Calcium - 17 mg

Useful properties



Useful properties of sugar apple Useful properties of sugar apple

Due to its composition, the fruit is perfectly quenches thirst and hunger, it is an excellent source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.

also Annona scaly widely used in folk medicine:
  • In India, the pulp of ripe fruits are applied to tumors.
  • Ulcers and wounds Indians used crushed leaves of the plant.
  • in tropical America, a decoction of them is used as an excellent febrifuge.
  • And to ease the pain of rheumatic patients is recommended to take a bath with a decoction of the leaves of sugar apple.
  • In El Salvador, unripe fruits are used for diarrhea.
  • decoction of the bark is effective in dysentery.

harm



Annona scaly - harm Annona scaly - harm

Benefits and harms always go hand in hand.Sugar apple seeds have a spicy taste.They are poisonous and poisoning can lead to serious consequences, and getting the juice in the eye in some cases cause blindness!Do not get involved and tasty flesh of the fruit.Eat it should be in moderation.

Women during pregnancy should be used with caution sugar apple because of its high calcium content.
Author: Viktoriya_Lemann for TutKnow.ru