What is cervicitis?

Cervicitis is inflammation in the vaginal segment of the cervix.It is characterized by blunt or drawing pains in the abdomen, turbid (purulent or mucous) discharge, painful urination.In protracted chronic cervicitis developed erosion (read about the causes of the erosion of the cervix) and cervical hypertrophy (thickening).

cervix serves as a barrier that protects the upper genital tract and uterus infection control.Certain factors lead to a breach of its protective function when penetrates alien flora and develops an inflammatory process - cervicitis, including endocervicitis, ekzotservitsit.

Ekzotservitsit ekzotserviksa is inflammation or a vaginal segment of the cervix, and endocervicitis - inflammation of the inner lining of the endocervix or cervix.


disease is caused by infection of nonspecific conditionally pathogenic: E. coli, staphylococcus, streptococcus, fungi specific microflora (mycoplasma, chlamydia, gonococci, trichomonas, syphilis, virus), some pro
tozoa and parasitic infections.

specific microflora indicated above, enters the cervix STD and opportunistic - through the blood, lymph or by contact from the rectum.

What factors contribute to the development of the disease?

  1. Birth injuries cervix;
  2. abortion diagnostic curettage;
  3. Contraceptives (installation, removal of intrauterine devices);
  4. benign cervical scar formation;
  5. polyps, erosion;
  6. Immunosuppression.

disease can occur in isolation in rare cases, as a rule, it is accompanied vulva, pseudo, vaginitis, ectropion (eversion of the cervix), bartholinitis.It appears in women of childbearing age (70%) and in rare cases during menopause.

Types and symptoms of cervicitis

Types and symptoms of cervicitis

By type flow cervicitis is acute or chronic.
  1. acute course of the disease is characterized by the recent penetration of active infection and its development.It is accompanied by a dull ache in the lower abdomen, a slight increase in temperature.Patients feel the tides in the pelvic area, back pain, pain during sexual intercourse in the vulva, difficulty urinating (dysuria and polyuria).

  2. the chronic form of the infection in the body there for a long time, slowly destroying the uterine tissue.Inflammation develops in the deletion of the vagina or cervix, as well as improper use of contraceptives and hormone drugs, violation of hygiene, promiscuous, inflammatory diseases in the field of the pelvic organs.The main symptoms - scarce cloudy mucus, which have in some cases, the admixture of pus, swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of the uterus, dull pain in the abdomen, bleeding after intercourse, itching and burning when urinating.

Depending on the microorganisms that have excited inflammation, the following types of cervicitis:
  1. Festering - often appears on the background of gonorrhea and is accompanied by an accumulation of pus in the cervical canal.Symptoms similar to the diseases caused by the herpes virus and trichomonas.

  2. Viral - transmitted sexually (papilloma virus, herpes virus, HIV).It is accompanied by severe itching on the outside of the genitals, general discomfort and soreness in the abdomen.

  3. Bacterial - caused by the passage of gonorrhea, dysbiosis or bacterial infection of the vagina.The most common symptoms - dysuria (urination disorders), pain during intercourse, dull nagging pain in the abdomen.In addition, note the appearance of the patient's discharge from the vagina while simultaneously varying the consistency of their scarcity or abundant, with an admixture of pus or mucus.

  4. Candida - characterized by inflammation of the mucous environment fungal infection Candida.

  5. Atrophic - appears as a result of diseases of the genitourinary system (erosion, cystitis (read what is cystitis?), Inflammation of the appendages, endometritis), hit pathogens in unprotected sexual intercourse (gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydiosis), non-specific infection(staphylococci, streptococci).Atrophic cervicitis develop in the affected area after curettage, abortion, uterine rupture during childbirth.

Usually, cervicitis is detected only when the planned medical examination or when the patient to see a specialist with suspected another disease.To avoid the development of chronic forms of help timely visit to the doctor who will diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment of cervicitis.
Author: Marianna for TutKnow.ru | Photo Collage TutKnow.ru