can deceive when buying seeds, to say nothing of such a technically complex product, like a car.Used car - a truly "pig in a poke."Buy in our market the car with hidden defects easier - they are rife.The protagonists in the market faces - peregonschiki or dealers, and both are usually looking for their benefits to buy cheaply problematic machine (normally sold at the normal price), "podshamanit" it and try to sell you.More expensive, of course.And the car will behave in the operation is no longer regard seller.

Unfortunately, to determine that the machine is not in order, you can only train on it at least a few days.The only sure way to find out about the technical condition of the car all at once - to negotiate with the seller about the trip to the station diagnosis.However checked - the majority of traders in such tests do not agree.How, then, choose the best of what is offered for sale?

not obsess about their own technical insight and not rely on luck.First of all, it does not hurt to enlist the hel
p of a friend who has experience of operation and maintenance of the model in which you are interested in purchasing.Well, one should start with an introduction to the documents of the car and verification numbers body specified in the data sheet with the number that manufacturer puts on one of the non-removable parts of the machine.If you do not have reconciliation have a reason to suspect that the number subjected to change, then you can proceed to a visual inspection.

first step is to determine whether the vehicle has visited in the accident, and if so, if it is not broke because of the collision geometry of the body and how well it has been restored.It depends on it, whether you refuse to purchase all, or will buy, but will require a substantial discount.

By eliminating the effects of the strong-collision fenders, doors and some windows of the car, as a rule, change the new.As a result, the marking on the glass will not be the same, the door hinge bolts and fixing screws wings have traces of contact with the tool.Special attention is the roof - it changed very rarely, and the floor of the trunk.The presence on the surface of the roof and the floor dents or wavy areas suggests that the car was seriously damaged.

True, body Goldsmiths reached a high level of excellence in disguise all sorts of defects.Find a coat of paint space, renovated with the help of a thick layer of putty is not easy.But, holding a magnet to be placed in a cloth bag with a loop for a loop on the surface of the car, you can determine where the filler is applied or glued patch of fiberglass or other non-metallic material.

Learn, Do not paint if the body can, looking for seals on the front and rear windows, comparing the color of the external and internal surfaces of some parts, to find traces of paint on the door seals, wheel arch liners, glass, bumpers, overlays and other details are notpainted in the body color.But not always repaint the body says that the car was in an accident.8-9 years in operation, the open-air storage - enough to paint old and tarnished.The main thing to remember: do not have a bat or a good recovery machines gaps between parts of the body must be uniform.Notice also how to open and close the door.If it requires more effort, and the doors jammed in the openings, it is possible as a result of the accident "went" rack body.And if the door sagged on its hinges?Now that's one of the signs of high mileage cars.

Speaking of mileage.The practice of "twisting" the speedometer we spread everywhere.On many could tell service book, but her show car salesmen read the rest while the question of whether the service book store proud silence, if not understand what is at stake.Meanwhile, the service book - the most important document of the car, which is fixed, and when after a run of the car is undergoing planned maintenance, repairs and inspections.Can I trust in the bright future of the car, if the past does not been documented?

on solid mileage prosizhennoe strongly indicate the driver's seat, large wear pads on the pedals, scuff on the steering wheel, knob, and a protective cover gearshift and handbrake.However, pads and blankets are inexpensive and well before the sale could be replaced.But upholstery hardly changed, so look closely to the places, where upholstery could lean against the driver scuffed here tell a lot.
are inside, adjust the driver's seat for your height - it can check that the adjustment mechanisms.To determine if the chair is fixed in position, depress any pedal until it stops.The seat should not move, and his back - away from its original position.Check the operation of all without exception of switches and buttons, lights and warning lights.If something is broken or does not work, it is required to reduce the price.

determine the state in which the staying power unit and transmission units, only by the sound and noise that accompanies their work, and some other circumstantial evidence.Before starting the engine, make sure that the dipstick Oil dipstick and oil filler cap is not reminiscent of mayonnaise emulsion.It should also look at coolant expansion tank, the emulsion is sometimes found there.The presence of "mayonnaise" indicates that the engine burns a head gasket, and before selling it replaced.Burnout same pad may be due to overheating of the motor, and this will be "halloo to one another" all further engine operation.Running the engine should not be accompanied by extraneous sounds.Any knock when the engine is at low speeds and during heavy pressing on the gas pedal point to a strong wear of the crank and gas distributing mechanisms.

When the engine is warmed up, it is necessary to look at the exhaust from the muffler.If smoke is strong and has a blue-gray exhaust color, probably very worn piston rings, pistons and cylinders of the engine.Black smoke indicates a problem with the power supply system.Repair of a smoking engine and tapped require significant funds, so better to refrain from buying or ask for a substantial price reduction.

Before you go to control trip, you should evaluate the condition of the clutch and brake.Pressing and releasing the clutch pedal should also be accompanied by sounds.Sources of extraneous sounds are worn release bearing, splined input shaft with a clutch disc, a broken spring damping slave drive.

handbrake to slow down the car, turn on the second gear and try to pull away.If the clutch and the "hammer" OK, it is usually as a result of such a test engine stalls.If this did not happen, and the car was left in place, it is likely very worn clutch disc.And if the car is moved?In the short term - the parking brake repair or replacement of brake pads.

Another check - trontes a place in first gear, driving a few meters, stop and let the reverse.If at this moment you hear a click, again there is a problem - this time with the deterioration of the transmission.Signs of wear of gears, bearings and synchronizers boxes are also spontaneous transmission off while driving, switching difficulties, as well as grinding that accompanies the process.

short, as in the case with the engine guard should any strange sound that accompanies control trip.Sources of knocks can be very different parts - the cross and the propeller shaft spline joints, bearings, half-axis, constant velocity joints, suspension components and steering, and so on, but the reason is always - wear limit or destruction.However, if the cost of repairing the engine is comparable to the bodywork, the majority of faults running gear - not a reason to abandon the purchase.The costs of their removal are low, you only need to get the seller to discount that covers repair costs.

However negotiate the purchase a bit early.Control trip must be completed mandatory visit to the pier, and even better - lift.Here, check the degree of damage to the body corrosion, bearing in mind that the most exposed to it all that is on the bottom - the bottom of the car, the edges of the wings, wheel arches, doors, hood and trunk lid.Make sure there are no leaks of fuel and fluids from the engine and transmissions, shock absorbers, brake assemblies.Check condition of protective anther on constant velocity joints, steering tips and other details.Only after the flyover test car in "field" conditions can be considered completed and start trading.

So buy - this is the first but not the last investment in the car.What will be the follow-up costs, which will require the machine to operate, depending on how many "pitfalls" will be overlooked when purchasing.We have to take into account many circumstances, and each of them may be decisive.
Author: Editorial | View: open source