Beets are not only tasty but also healthy vegetable that is good for the circulatory system.It is a powerful antioxidant, it contains a lot of iron.It displays the body of heavy metals, radiation, helps to fight cancer cells.Beet juice prevents the formation of blood clots, cures diseases of the thyroid gland.Beetroot has beneficial effects on the kidneys, intestines, and has many other useful properties.

grow this valuable vegetable on the site is quite simple.For information on how to do this will be discussed now.

How to prepare the ground for beets



known that beet has high requirements to the composition of the soil.On clay loam she would grow shallow and insufficiently sweet and juicy.To taste the fruits of and pleased with the size, you need to allocate for her sunny plot.The land is to be rich in organic matter.In no event it is impossible to make before planting nevyzrevshie compost, fresh manure.The latter should turn into humus, become crumbly, then it can make to the chain.Beets not like
acidic soil, so make the ash, which reduces the figure.You can make digging in the autumn dolomite flour, which also reduce the acidity of the site.

If you loam, on a bed width of 60 meters and a length of 3 add:

  • 4 buckets of sand;
  • 2 bags of peat;
  • 5 buckets of compost;
  • 2 liters of ash;
  • 3 tbspnitrophosphate.

mix everything with a shovel, a rake and then flatten.On this fertile area the harvest will be excellent.

If peat soil, need to be made:

  • 2 bags of humus;
  • 6 buckets of compost;
  • as much ash and nitrophosphate.

sandy soil to blend in the same way, just add 3 buckets of peat.

Before beets grown on peat, or sandy soil, make glinovanie, which will help to hold nutrients and water in the garden, they will not leak into the ground.To do this, remove a layer of soil with a bayonet spade, to put a layer of loam 7─8 cm, and on top added fertile soil, humus, what has been stated above.After that, the ground leveled and produce landing.

markup beds and planting beet



Marking beds and planting beet

in the middle lane, if the warm spring, sow beets 25─30 April in the cold spring 5─15 of May.

Make borozki along the ridge at a distance of 25 cm apart, the depth of 1.5 cm. That they were neat, slide on both sides of the beds pegs, pull the rope that will be an excellent yardstick.Furrows spill, drop them seeds every 7 cm. Fill the grooves.If the ground is loose enough, on top of backfill mulch consisting of a layer of sand or peat 1 cm high.

Once the seedlings appear, occasionally watering sprouts at night, keep the ground in loose condition.Then the roots will do enough oxygen, and the plants will grow well.

Many varieties of beets, especially the older ones, two trehrastkovye.That is one of the seeds will not 1 but 2─3 sunrise.You can leave the strongest, and the rest of the group just snatch.But you can do otherwise.Wait until the shoots appear on 2─3 true leaves, carefully scoop out the extra plants and plant them to another flower bed at a distance 8─10 cm apart.This planting material, you also get a full crop.The main thing to know one trick.Before planting the root tip to shorten 5─8 mm.This can be done with scissors or breaking off his fingernails.Then develop a good root system, and the main root will grow smoothly without creases.

If you do not want these picks and transplants, note odnorostkovye varieties.Many people enjoy the fruits of elongated shape, their flesh more tender, easier to clean, so you can plant, and this kind of vegetable.

beet varieties



Odnorostkovye:



  • Aya (named after the Siberian river).Very early variety.Excellent growing not only in the middle band, but also in the Urals, western Siberia, the Far East.Root with maroon flesh, round-flat shape.Very fruitful.You can grow sprouts, in this case, the first club you'll be able to eat in the middle of June.

  • Valens. Medium early variety.Root crop with a dark-red pulp, which does not have the ring pattern rounded.The food is suitable not only to root, but leaves that are sugary and very tasty.It tolerates cold snap, resistant to tsvetushnosti.

  • Havskaya.Also Medium early.Root round pulpy dark red color.The variety has good taste, resistant to tsvetushnosti.

  • Odnorostkovaya. late-ripening varieties.Carrots with pulp maroon, round shape, soft, juicy, sweet taste.Productivity is high, good lezhkost during storage.

  • Egyptian flat. Early ripe.Root vegetables of dark red color with a purple hue.Flat root, can weigh up to 620 g Prized for excellent taste, good keeping quality, resistance to drought and disease.

  • Incomparable A463. almost the same shape and color as the Egyptian flat, but has a blackish rings, the taste is excellent.The weight less maximum weight of 380 g root plants do not get sick, do not lose color when cooked, have excellent taste.

beet varieties cylindrical form:



  • Mona - Medium early variety.Within 62 days, you can collect the first fruits.This beet odnorastkovaya.The flesh is juicy, tender, ring - slabovyrazheny.The fruits weigh 200-300 g

  • Rocket - refers to the high-yielding varieties of red beet.Root-aligned, have smooth skin, dark red.The growing season lasts 125 days.

  • cylinder. late-ripening varieties.He was taken by foreign breeders, but it has long been fond of domestic gardeners.The maximum weight of 700 g root pulp is juicy, sugary, deep red color with a purple hue.Carrots are very good not only in the boiled, steamed, baked, but raw.However, keeping quality is low.

But we should not forget the old, time-tested varieties mnogorostkovyh such as: Bordeaux 237, Gribovskaya plane A473 and others.There are few places and these types to get the guaranteed harvest even in difficult weather conditions.

little about growing seedlings of beet



mentioned above that part of the beet can be grown seedlings.For this plant a few seeds odnorostkovoy early beet in separate containers.It is best to use a special small diameter cups 4─5 see.

Pour soil in them, make the center of the groove depth of 1.5 cm, spill it, lower the seed, sprinkle it with soil.Place the cups on a tray, cover with plastic wrap to keep moisture evaporates and place in a warm place.When the seeds hatch, above the surface of the soil seem sprouts, place pans or trays with cups on the glassed-in balcony or a room on a bright windowsill.

a month Plant sprouts on a prepared seedbed.In the middle zone is 10─20 of May.If you have a stationary greenhouse, you can perform the work before the end of April.Then, in mid-June will be ready the first harvest.When planting the germ to get out of the cup with a lump of earth, the seedling will get accustomed and let in more growth.

Care beet



Caring for beets

watering, hoeing infrequent - the main type of care for beets.Since this culture loves organics, you can feed it to the beginning of the growth solution mullein, prepared with water at a ratio of 1:12.Suffice 1─2 feeding an organic fertilizer if they are abused, root crops can accumulate nitrates.

second time give power plants 3 weeks after the first feeding.Dissolve 1 cup of water to 8 liters of water spill beds.You can simply pour an amount of dry ash to 1.5 meters and the beds to close up the soil by loosening
can spend 2─3 foliar application, dissolved minerals in the water, spray the leaves of beets.

Harvesting and storage beet



Harvesting and storage of beet

Vintage, Stowing, harvested when roots ripen well.Therefore, they are left on the ridge until mid-late September.Clean the beets in dry weather before frosts.

Root is not pulled out of the ground, and careful not to damage, dig, gloved hands clear of the ground.Cut the tops, leaving the "stump" of 2 cm, allow to dry up this wound, putting beet 2─3 days under a shed, but after that it lay in storage.

can store the harvest home.To this must be put in plastic bags root crops, but not to fasten them, and then place the packages where cool, e.g., to the balcony door.If the balcony is well glazed, place the beets in a cardboard box, pouring it in dry sand or sawdust.This box is put into the box more.Down lay a blanket unnecessary.Insulate walls between boxes cloth top is also possible to cover the box with a blanket.

If you have a basement, cellar, the harvest is stored there, making sure that the humidity is not too high.

video about the technology of growing beet, planting and care:



Author: Veronika Tsvetkova for TutKnow.ru