Early prematurity , these are the families that have taken place in the period from 22th to 27th week of pregnancy. a result of premature birth in most cases, babies are born underweight from 1 kg to 2.5 kg.

Why are there prematurity

advance want to reassure you that prematurity arise not often have the opportunity in time is much higher.

Much depends on your health and on how pregnancy occurs.
Premature birth can not occur by themselves, for that should be obvious reasons.


Reasons for premature birth may occur:

  • Acute infectious diseases during pregnancy: rubella, pyelonephritis, a severe course of influenza, hepatitis, etc., as well as infections that are sexually transmitted: mycoplasmosis, herpes, chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, etc .;

  • Diseases of the female reproductive system (uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine malformations, etc.);

  • Some chronic diseases of the future mother: diabetes, heart disease, hypertension;

  • Complications during pregnancy: placenta previa
    , low placentation, polyhydramnios, late toxemia, preeclampsia, etc .;

  • isthmic - cervical insufficiency, a disease in which the cervix is ​​not able to hold the growing fetus in the uterus, causing dilatation of the cervix;

  • stress;

  • not the right way of life of the future mother: the use of alcohol during pregnancy, smoking, etc .;

  • strong physical exertion;

What are the characteristics of preterm delivery, depending on the different stages of pregnancy
most frequent cause of premature births in the period from 22 -27 weeks of pregnancy is a disease isthmic - cervical insufficiency, which leads to infection of membranes and ruptureahead of time.

infection in this case carries a risk to the health of the pregnant woman.
Pregnancy in this case it is very difficult to extend.
Since the lungs of the fetus is not yet developed enough that he could breathe on their own, going out of the newborn is very difficult.

Prematurity , which occur for a period of 28 to 33 weeks of pregnancy can be caused by a wide range of different reasons.
The weight of a newborn is about 1.0 to 1.8 kg.In this case, the possibility of a favorable outcome of childbirth is greater than in early preterm delivery.In light of the timing of the baby is still not mature enough, but to accelerate their development can be within 2-3 days with the help of special.formulation which is administered intramuscularly in the maternity hospital at certain intervals.

If preterm delivery occurred in a period of up to 34 - 37 weeks of pregnancy, in most cases, undertaken expectant management of labor management under the constant supervision of a doctor.The weight of the fetus in this case is about 1.9 to 2.5 kg.

How is prematurity

Diagnosis: threatening preterm delivery.

: recurrent pain in the lumbar and lower abdominal, uterine tone and increased her anxiety, increased motor activity of the fetus, amniotic fluid leakage.
Keeping birth: When threatened preterm labor are trying to prolong the pregnancy, the woman is placed in the obstetric hospital under medical supervision.
Appointed strict bed rest and medicines relieves uterine tone, soothing products for the nervous system.When gestation less than 34 weeks, are appointed by glucocorticoids.

Diagnosis: starting premature labor and premature birth began.

contractions, cramping pain in the lower abdomen, rupture of membranes, shortening or flattening of the cervix, cervical dilatation 4 cm or more.

Keeping birth: When compulsory labor analgesia conducted very carefully.For the most gentle passage of obstetrics and reduce the risk of birth trauma applied episiotomy (surgical incision of the perineum).
Prematurity After the birth of a premature baby he was immediately wrapped in a warm blanket and, if necessary, carry out resuscitation.
Premature babies require special care, and comprehensive care.Such children are placed in specialized departments for premature infants and are monitoring them closely.Today
possibilities of medicine allow to go even children born with a weight of just 500 grams.

reverse situation could be births, which came later than expected, read about it in an article that is prolonged pregnancy .