in the human gut is home to over five hundred different species of micro-organisms in the totality of their weight reaches about half a kilogram.They play an important role in the body: normalizes the enzymatic breakdown of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, neutralize toxic substances, support the immune system in good shape, are involved in the synthesis of amino acids and still perform many different functions.This abundance and species composition of microorganisms is constantly changing, depending on the age, mental state and way of life, as well as the time of year and environmental conditions.However, the quality of their healthy body ratio is maintained, that is, in the normal balance of the gut microflora is observed.In case of violation of this balance, a change in the composition and increase in the number of pathogenic microorganisms.This condition is called intestinal dysbiosis.

Causes of dysbiosis

rise to intestinal dysbiosis can lead a lot of different factors.The most common are:

  • unbalanced diet;factors causing goiter
  • intestinal infections;
  • prolonged treatment with non-steroidal and hormonal therapy;
  • antibiotics;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • radiation and chemotherapy;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • presence of parasites in the gut;
  • hepatic dysfunction;
  • frequent stress or depression;
  • chronic gastrointestinal diseases.

symptoms and the stage of dysbiosis

Dysbacteriosis divided into primary and secondary.In the primary - there is a change of the microflora and the development of inflammation of the intestinal mucosa.Second - it is a complication of diseases of the colon or small intestine.Moreover, there are different stages of dysbacteriosis.

The first stage takes place a slight decrease in the number of beneficial bacteria and the slight development of pathogenic flora.Typically, at this stage, any indication dysbacteriosis absent.

second stage is characterized by the rapid development of pathogenic micro-organisms and the decline of critical obligate flora.It is accompanied by disorders in the bowel.Usually, it causes abdominal pain, flatulence, stool disorders.

the third stage there is inflammation and damage occurs the intestinal wall.It is accompanied by digestive disorders, and constipation or, conversely, loose stools at dysbacteriosis become chronic, while in the stool may be present particles of food.

At the fourth stage beneficial flora in the gut is still very small, developing an acute intestinal infection.There is a strong depletion of the body, there is anemia may develop putrefactive dyspepsia.The patient in addition to the above symptoms of dysbiosis may occur belching, nausea, unpleasant taste and smell in the mouth, headache, feeling of fullness, heartburn, vomiting, allergic to some of the foods, except changing the composition of feces.

Treatment of dysbiosis

Since intestinal bacteria overgrowth is able to arise under the influence of different factors for its successful treatment, first of all, necessary to identify and eliminate the causes that led to the development of the disease.Otherwise, all measures to eliminate an imbalance of microflora will be useless.

Generally, treatment of intestinal dysbiosis is conducted in a comprehensive and includes:

  • restoration of normal microflora .This is achieved by the combined supplementation containing probiotics and prebiotics.The former are members of the normal flora, the second - the products to facilitate their getting rid of dysbiosis reproduction and survival in the intestine.For light steps dysbiosis such treatment may be sufficient.
  • Change style diet and lifestyle .In addition to receiving drugs from dysbiosis, help restore the microflora, for the most effective treatment, patients are advised to avoid stress and strong emotional turmoil, moderately increased physical activity, as well as special diet.
  • Immunity .This is necessary for the formation of the natural microflora in the intestine.To stimulate the reactivity of the organism used all kinds of immune-boosting drugs.
  • Taking antibiotics or antiseptics .Such treatment must be carried out by the physician.Generally, it is indicated for the suppression of excessive growth of harmful microorganisms, only when the threat of their penetration into intestinal blood.
  • Elimination of exacerbations of chronic diseases, as well as pockets of infection, served as the reason for the development of dysbiosis.